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Solar panels are becoming an increasingly popular choice for generating electricity in homes and businesses around the world. These panels harness the power of the sun to produce clean, renewable energy that can help reduce electricity costs and decrease reliance on fossil fuels. But how exactly do solar panels generate electricity?

 At the heart of a solar panel is a photovoltaic cell, also known as a solar cell. These cells are made from materials such as silicon, which are able to convert sunlight into electricity through a process known as the photovoltaic effect. When sunlight hits the solar panel, it excites the electrons in the silicon atoms, causing them to move and create an electric current.

Eco Friendly Single Family Home with solar panels on roof top

 Multiple solar cells are connected together in a panel to create a solar module, and multiple modules are connected together to form a solar array. The more solar panels in an array, the more electricity that can be generated. This electricity is then converted from direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC) through an inverter, making it compatible with the electrical grid or usable in homes and businesses.

 Solar panels are typically installed on rooftops or in open areas where they can receive direct sunlight. The angle and orientation of the panels play a key role in maximizing their efficiency, as panels that are properly angled towards the sun can generate more electricity.

 One of the main advantages of solar panels is that they produce electricity without producing harmful greenhouse gas emissions, making them a clean energy option. Additionally, solar panels can help reduce electricity costs over time, as they can generate electricity for decades with minimal maintenance.

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