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Solar energy is a renewable and sustainable source of power that is becoming increasingly popular in today’s world. Solar panels are a key component of solar energy systems, but how do they actually work? Let’s break it down and simplify the process.

 Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic cells, which are essentially semiconductors that convert sunlight into electricity. When sunlight hits a solar panel, the photons in the light excite the electrons in the cells, creating an electric current. This current is then captured by the solar panels and sent to an inverter, which converts the direct current (DC) electricity generated by the panels into alternating current (AC) electricity that can be used to power homes and businesses.

 The electricity generated by solar panels can either be used immediately or stored in a battery for later use. Excess electricity can also be sent back to the grid in a process known as net metering, where homeowners receive credits for the extra electricity they generate.

 Solar panels are a clean and sustainable energy source that can help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and decrease our carbon footprint. They require minimal maintenance and have a long lifespan, making them a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option for powering homes and businesses.

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